This essay is from David Stover
Published on November 8th, 2004, Revised on November 14th, 2004
The Emperor of Oz Theory
The Emperor, a.k.a. Palpatine – does not have the force. Like the great Wizard of Oz, he uses smoke and mirrors to make people think he is more powerful than he really is. After reading this theory, try watching the movies with this thought/theory in mind and you will see that it can work.